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      世界500強企業員工英語必修課Unit 77 基金

      kira86 于2019-07-29發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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      世界500強企業員工的英語必修課,適合在想進外企、以及在職場會用到英語的同學。每個主題分為詞匯、短語和對話三個部分。
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      Unit 77 Fund

      基金

      * stock

      ·n. 股票

      * bond

      ·n. 債券

      * individual

      ·a. 單獨的,個人的;獨特的·n. 個人(體)

      * proceeds

      ·n. 收入

      * professional

      ·a. 職業的,專業的

      * portfolio

      ·n. 投資組合

      * securities

      ·n. 股票,有價證券

      * type

      ·n. 類型,種類

      * treasury

      ·n. 國庫,財政部,國債

      * return

      ·n. 歸還,返回,(收益)回報,申報

      * fund

      ·n. 基金;儲備

      * shareholder

      ·n. 股東

      * capital

      ·n. 資金

      * redemption

      ·n. 贖回,救贖,贖罪,補償

      * interest rate

      利率

      consolidate

      · v. 鞏固,加強

      administer

      ·vt. 管理,執行

      pool

      · v. 共用,匯集

      subscription

      ·n. 捐款

      trustee

      ·n. (財產、業務等的)受托人

      embezzle

      ·vt. 盜用,挪用

      allocate

      ·vt. 分配,分派,把……撥給

      contribute to

      為……作貢獻,為……捐款或撰稿

      found

      ·vt. 創立,創辦,創建

      earmark

      · v. 指定

      A: What are stock mutual funds and bond mutual funds?

      什么是股票型共同基金和債務型基金?

      B: Stock mutual funds are funds that sell shares to individuals and invest proceeds in stocks. Bond mutual funds are funds that sell shares to individuals and invest proceeds in bonds. Both are managed by professional portfolio managers who decide what securities to purchase.

      股票型基金是指賣給個體股份并投資股票的基金。債務型基金是指賣給個體股份并投資債券的基金。二者都是在專業的投資組合管理者的管理下,決定購買什么類型的股票和證券。

      A: What types do they have?

      他們有哪些類型?

      B: They have many types, such as growth funds and treasury bond funds. You can search it on the Internet.

      有很多類,比如成長基金和國債專項基金。你可以上網查查。

      A: Okay. How do the shareholders gain returns?

      好的。股東們怎么得到利益?

      B: Usually there are three channels. First, dividends received in the funds are distributed to shareholders. Second, proceeds received from the sale of securities are distributed to shareholders. Finally, if price received at redemption exceeds price paid, the profits will be distributed to shareholders.

      通常有三種途徑。第一種,分配股息給股東。第二種,出售股票或有價證券得到的收入分配給股東。最后,股票贖回的價格超過買進的價格所得的利益分配給股東。

      A: What risks are there?

      有些什么風險?

      B: There are many risks, such as market conditions' susceptibility and the interest rate risk.

      有很多風險,比如市場的敏感性,還有利率的風險。

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