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      名師答疑:Study和Learn的用法區別

      kira86 于2018-10-24發布 l 已有人瀏覽
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      study 和 learn 這兩個動詞都有“學習”之一,那到底在具體情況下該用哪一個呢。請見今天的美國之音名師答疑。
        小E英語歡迎您,請點擊播放按鈕開始播放……

      學習.jpg
      Ask a Teacher: Study or Learn?

      名師答疑:Study和Learn的用法區別

      English language learners use the verbs "study" and "learn" all the time. Yet, they often are unsure which to choose in a situation. Our subject today comes from Salah of Yemen. The writer asks:

      英語學習者一直都在使用 study 和 learn 這兩個動詞。然而,他們往往不確定在具體情況下該用哪一個。我們今天的話題來自于也門的薩拉赫。他問道:

      Question:

      問題:

      I would like to know the difference between "study" and "learn." Thanks! - Salah, Yemen

      我想知道 study 和 learn 這兩個單詞之間的區別,謝謝!— 也門,薩拉赫。

      Answer:

      回答:

      Hello, Salah, and thanks for your note!

      你好,薩拉赫,感謝你的提問。

      Let's begin with the dictionary meaning of each word. These are from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary:

      我們首先來看看每個單詞的字典釋義,這些釋義出自韋氏詞典。

      To study means to read, memorize facts or attend school in order to learn about a subject.

      To study 是指閱讀、背誦或是上學以便學會某個學科。

      To learn means to gain knowledge or skill by studying, practicing, being taught or experiencing something.

      To learn 是指通過學習、實踐、接受教育或是親身體驗來獲得知識或技能。

      So, studying is just one way of learning. But, it is not the only way.

      所以,study 只是 learn 的一種途徑,但是它不是唯一途徑。

      Learn

      學會

      Sometimes, we learn through experience. For example, if you travel to Thailand, you can visit a lot of sights, try the traditional foods and talk to the local people. By the time you leave, you will have gained a lot of knowledge about the country. So, you can say, "I learned so much about Thailand!"

      有時候,我們從經歷中學習。例如,如果你去泰國,你能參觀很多景點,嘗試傳統食物并與當地人交流。當你離開泰國時,你將會獲得許多關于這個國家的知識。所以,你可以說,“我學到了很多關于泰國的東西。”

      You could not say, "I studied so much about Thailand!" because your actions did not mainly involve reading, memorizing facts, taking a course, attending school or something similar.

      你不能說,“我學習了很多關于泰國的東西。”因為你的行為并非主要涉及到了閱讀、背誦、上課、上學或是類似的東西。

      Study

      學習

      In addition, when you study something, you have not learned it yet.

      此外,當你學習某些東西時,你尚未真正學會它。

      And, sometimes, you can even study something without learning it. For example, if you say, "I studied English," it may mean you took English classes. Or maybe you tried to teach yourself through an app or language website.

      而且有時候,你甚至學習了也沒學會。例如,如果你說,“我學過英語。“這句話的意思是你上過英語課,或者是通過應用程序或語言網站來自學。

      But maybe you had difficulty with this and still do not know how to speak the language. In that situation, you could not say, "I learned English," because that would mean you had gained enough knowledge to use it.

      但是可能你在學習中遇到了困難,還是不知道如何說這門語言。在這種情況下,你就不能說,”我學會了英語。“,因為這樣說就意味著你掌握了足夠多應用這門語言的知識。

      Examples

      舉例

      If the difference between "learn" and "study" is not clear yet, here are a few sentences that compare them:

      如果還是搞不懂 learn 和 study 之間的區別,看看以下這些對照的例子:

      He learned so much about Thailand on his trip.

      他從這次旅行中學到了很過關于泰國的知識。

      He studied Thai history and culture in college.

      他在大學里學習泰國歷史文化。

      They learned how to write stories in the new writing class.

      他們在新的寫作課上學會了如何寫小說。

      They spent time studying the techniques of story-writing.

      他們花時間學習了小說寫作的技巧。

      Where did you learn how to bake so well?

      你烘烤得真好,在哪學會的?

      Did you study baking in school?

      你在學校學過烘焙嗎?

      And one last tip for remembering the difference is this expression:

      這句話是記住這種區別的最后一個竅門:

      I studied but I did not learn anything.

      ”我學了,但是什么都沒學會。“

      And that's Ask a Teacher.

      以上就是本期名師答疑的全部內容。

      I'm Alice Bryant.

      我是愛麗絲·布萊恩特。

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